It may be surprising to learn that there are virtually no symptoms to diagnose if you have high cholesterol. High cholesterol is normally identified by a blood test. However, if you are having health issues such as coronary disease, vascular disease or stroke, then this could be the result of a high cholesterol level in your body and you should consider cholesterol screening. And since cholesterol symptoms often become evident themselves when you have coronary disease, you should consider high cholesterol symptoms to include angina, which manifests itself in chest pains caused by a lack of adequate blood supply to the heart muscle, nausea, and shortness of breath. Vascular disease cholesterol symptoms include a tightening sensation in the lower extremities and ulcers or open sores on the lower extremities.
High cholesterol level symptoms indicated by stroke symptoms include a loss of balance and dizziness, slurring of speech and difficulty in understanding, a numbing sensation of the face, arm or leg. These can be a sudden event with little or no warning. People who are overweight and do little or no exercise tend to be the ones with a high cholesterol level. Therefore, before you experience cholesterol symptoms, it is recommended that you have a cholesterol blood test every three years if you are overweight and every five years if you are a normal healthy weight.
Public cholesterol screening can detect large numbers of people with high cholesterol levels. Cholesterol screening can also raise awareness of cholesterol level as a risk factor for coronary heart disease. But public cholesterol screening must meet ethical criteria for recruitment and be reliable in cholesterol screening measurements. Preferably High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, as well as total cholesterol, should be measured when cholesterol screening. However, if HDL measurements aren’t available, then measuring total cholesterol levels provides useful cholesterol level information.
The American Heart Association is also concerned about the potential dangers of poorly conducted community cholesterol screening programs. The association recommends small-scale cholesterol screenings among the high-risk population of middle-aged men and women and particularly younger males not yet identified as being at risk of a high cholesterol level. Worksite cholesterol screening held in conjunction with hospitals, health clubs, or medical schools is a potential cholesterol screening option. Cholesterol screening targeting low-income, low-education level sectors of society can reach people often under-represented in other voluntary cholesterol screening sessions. High-risk people are often not connected to traditional healthcare systems, so such screenings can be held in schools, community centres or neighbourhood clinics. Qualified staff must carry out these cholesterol screenings.
The American Heart Association believes that cholesterol screenings should be at a reasonable cost and held at convenient locations and that quality-control procedures and privacy issues are taken care of. Finally, people with a famil7 history of heart disease, stroke, or high blood pressure should be encouraged to attend a cholesterol screening.